Inflammation is a hallmark of periodontal disease. Gums affected by the condition may become swollen

Unveiling the Silent Threat: Recognizing the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a prevalent oral health issue that often goes unnoticed until it reaches advanced stages. Characterized by inflammation and infection of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, periodontal disease can lead to serious complications, including tooth loss and systemic health problems. Recognizing the symptoms of periodontal disease is crucial for early intervention and effective management.

1. **Bleeding Gums:**
One of the initial signs of periodontal disease is bleeding gums, especially during activities such as brushing or flossing. Healthy gums should not bleed easily, and the presence of blood may indicate inflammation and the onset of gum disease.

2. **Gum Recession:**
As periodontal disease progresses, the gums may start to recede, exposing the roots of the teeth. Receding gums can make teeth appear longer and contribute to increased tooth sensitivity.

3. **Swollen or Tender Gums:**
Inflammation is a hallmark of periodontal disease. Gums affected by the condition may become swollen, red, and tender to the touch. Discomfort during chewing or while consuming hot or cold foods can also be indicative of gum inflammation.

4. **Persistent Bad Breath:**
Chronic bad breath, or halitosis, can be a sign of periodontal disease. The bacteria responsible for gum infections can produce foul-smelling gases, leading to persistent unpleasant breath even with proper oral hygiene practices.

5. **Changes in Bite and Tooth Alignment:**
Advanced periodontal disease can result in changes to the alignment of teeth and the bite. As the supporting structures of the teeth weaken, teeth may shift or become loose, affecting the overall alignment of the dental arch.

6. **Pus Formation:**
In severe cases of periodontitis, the formation of pus between the teeth and gums may occur. This is a clear indication of an active infection and requires immediate attention from a dental professional.

7. **Pain While Chewing:**
牙周病治療 or pain during chewing can be a consequence of advanced gum disease. As the supporting structures weaken, the teeth may become more sensitive to pressure, leading to pain during eating.

8. **Tooth Sensitivity:**
Increased tooth sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures can be associated with periodontal disease. Receding gums expose the sensitive roots of the teeth, making them more susceptible to temperature changes.


Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that can have serious consequences for oral and overall health. Early detection and intervention are key to preventing the advancement of the disease and minimizing its impact on the teeth and supporting structures. Regular dental check-ups, proper oral hygiene practices, and awareness of the symptoms discussed above are crucial components of maintaining optimal oral health and preventing the silent threat of periodontal disease. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult with a dental professional promptly for a comprehensive evaluation and appropriate treatment.

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